Peljesac is the second largest peninsula in Croatia. It is 65 km long, situated in southern Dalmatia between Neretva bay in the north and Mali Ston bay eastward. It can fascinate you with every inch of it's 358 km2. It is area full of bays with a lot of untouched natural beaches. The main town of peninsula is Ston
which has large fortifications, built by the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik). Some of its larger towns are, Brijesta, Trpanj, Viganj, and Orebic.
Inhabitants of Peljesac mostly make their living of tourism, wine growing manufacturing wine, as well as stockbreeding and fishing. It is also known for its salt-works and cultivating seashells. Peljesac is a charming and attractive tourist destination area thanks to mild Mediterranean climate, extremely clean and warm sea, interesting cultural and historical heritage and rich gastronomic offer.
Peljesac's Mediterranean clime is characterised with long and dry summers, moist and warm winters. Temperatures of the air are relatively highly and only in January and February might fall down below 10 C.Average number of sunnyhours is more than 2500 at the certain points, and such a cosy ambiance is (maybe) the one of the reasons this area began to being inhabitated very early; during the young stoneage (neolit); for that postulate depose remnants found in caves Gudnja at Porače, Spila at Kopanj Prinčeva and Spila at Zabrada...Later, Iliri from Plereji tribe appears, Romans comes in 2-nd century b.c. and stays 'till Roman Empire was divided. Than, this attractive piece of land, was ruled by Byzantines.
In year of 1333. Republic of Dubrovnik acquire Pelješac from serbian emperor Dušan and bosnian banus Stjepan Kotromanović and than started discernible development – under Podzvizd hill a new town of Ston was built, agriculture was in progress, same as manufacture of ships for the needs of warfare and trading. Authority of Dubrovnik lasted up to 1806...than emperor Napoleon occupy and abolish Republic of Dubrovnik but government of France had no any noteworthy influence or traces.Austro-Hungarian Monarchy takes Peljesac in 1814...Today, it is part of Dubrovnik's administrative unit.
If you ever come to Peljesac, you'll understand why is that peninsula a place where nature is still a nature...vegetation is very rich, omnipresent is coniferous wood of Alep pine, Pinija, Dalmatian black pine...above Orebic, town grew the cypress forrest, the biggest of that kind in Croatia. There you can find many of herbs and aromatic plants (mynth,rosemary,sage,lavender,marjoram) there is a lot of animal species with, primarily presence of specified wild dog's breed (cagalj or jackal), canis aureus dalmaticus, than mouflons, boars, rabbits, pheasants and there's one asian visitor – mongoose.Don't be wondering if you feel a little like Robinson Crusoe...with no fear that you've been stuck here because the connections of peninsula is very good no matter from which way you arrive...you can travel by car, ship or plane...If you are in Zagreb, you can pick out a highway to Ploce and than get to the ferryboat to Trpanj or you can drive throughout Bosnia and get into Ston.If you are in Rijeka, you can pick out the ferryboat which connect Rijeka and Split, islands Hvar and Korcula and Dubrovnik.If you want to fly, nearby airports are in Split and Dubrovnik.So, you can allow to yourself to be like Robinson Crusoe awhile...it may be fun.
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