Croatia history, history of Croatia
- Because of the fact that the country has already been governed by different rulers and nations, Croatia history is amongst the most diverse and turbulent ones in the world. Plenty of different cultures have mixed, taken over, as well as assimilated into that particular area throughout the centuries, and it's diversity marks the facts that outline the history of the country itself. Some of the best sea conditions along it's coast have made it an important sea and trade route. Starting from the Greeks and Romans, followed by Slavic and Austrian rule, Croatia history is a tumultuous saga.
Blue waters of the Adriatic have been inhabited a very long time ago, somewhere in the Stone Age. There have also been findings that reveal cave dwellings in some of the most accessible areas. Also archeological Croatia facts point to an occupation of Greek trading commerce as well as ancient colonies that were established in the sixth century in cities such as Pharos, Starigrad, Hvar and Vis.
After the Greeks, the Romans followed. Romans have been known throughout history because they've always done things in a grand way, and Croatian history is no exception to that. There are still summer homes stretched towards the temptress of the sea atop the limestone cliffs as well as grand palaces, and also the Pula Arena and Diocletian's Palace stand there. Other than that, Croatia facts also prove that the Adriatic was one of the most important trading routes during this part of history. There have been remains found of sunken ships and cargo that are features at some of the more popular diving locations off the coast and around it's islands.
It's also known that Napoleon ruled the land for a short time period, and after him Austria gained power. They were involved in a hundred-year conflict with Italy for power over the coast because it was also a dynamic trading site. The famous battle of Vis terminated the struggle and an Austrian fleet overpowered the Italian flagship, forcing them to declare defeat and withdraw. And as soon as the Italian retreated, Austro-Hungarian took over the land too. There are many known locations both on land and under sea that have visible evidence of these battles, and they are still visited by divers and tourists.
As soon as World War I was over, Croatia created a union with Slovenia because it severed ties with the Austro-Hungarian government. After the end of World War II, Croatia was made one of the six parts of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia when the Yugoslavian government decided to expand it's borders. The industry itself improved immensely until the death of Josip Broz Tito (the head of Yugoslavian Croatia), and the economy was a market socialist economy. After Tito's death, the country was involved in the Yugoslav Wars from 1991 to 1995, which resulted in the independence of the Republic of Croatia.
At the moment, Croatia is an independent country that is proud of it's freedom and celebrates it at every single opportunity. There are known festivals all over the year that mark turning points in the country's history, and people who visit it can join the celebrations for remarkable memories that they can take home from this beautiful country with plenty of dark secrets of a turbulent past.
Croatia is a great example of adjusting as well as learning from events that occurred in the past, and it's a constant reminder of struggle for freedom and peace. Tourists and visitors can easily find a great deal of reminders in all sorts of museums as well as experience plenty of different advantages. Also, diving is an excellent opportunity for people to see and visit some antiquated ruins of large ships that used to navigate the waters of the Adriatic Sea.
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